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Contact dermatitis

A number of patients with allergic skin reactions is growing from year to year. This can occur at any age.

Contact dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease occurring as a reaction to chemical, physical, thermal and other types of irritation.

Chemical factors causing contact dermatitis include detergents, cleaning materials, latex, cosmetics, metals (nickel, gold), sap, medicines; environmental industrial factors. Physical factors contributing to the development of contact dermatitis comprise the exposure to ultraviolet and ionizing radiation. Besides, contact dermatitis can develop as a result of the mechanical irritation of the skin.

The intensity of symptoms depends on individual protective reactions of the body. An acute stage can commence both suddenly and some hours or even days after the contact with an allergen. Characteristic manifestations include swelling of the skin in the affected area, redness, blisters filled with water, weeping, pain and itching. With widely spread eruption, general malaise and fever can be observed.

Chronic forms of contact dermatitis can be manifested by peeling, inflammatory infiltration of the skin, formation of crusts and cracks.

How to fight the disease?

When the allergen that caused contact dermatitis has been eliminated, skin manifestations will resolve after some period of time.

So, with the appearance of skin eruptions, it is better to apply to a doctor. Never get self-medicated!

A.V. Kozareva,   doctor-dermatovenerologist